How to obtain EU citizenship

Having EU passport is a great privilege. One can freely travel in Schengen area as well as in many countries without visa.

Note that if you already have EU citizenship you will gain more from second passport from country outside of EU, but if you currently have passport outside of EU, you will gain most with having second passport as a EU citizen.

Some countries will require to stay as a resident for as little as 5 years all the way up to 10 years. Some countries will allow second passport, while some don’t. In this article we cover obtaining EU citizenship through naturalization. There are other ways to obtain certain citizenship, but we cover this in another article. Here is the breakdown of EU countries and citizenship conditions:

Austria: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Belgium: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Bulgaria: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Croatia: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship for naturalization, unless person has relatives. Residence of 8 years is required.
Cyprus: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of total 5 out of 8 last years is required.
Czech Republic: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Denmark: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 9 years is required.
Estonia: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Finland: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required, or 4 for refugees, spouses and people with ties to Finland. 2 years for people with Nordic citizenship.
France: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Germany: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship for non EU citizens. Residence of 8 years is required, but it can be lowered to 7 or 6 with integration and language courses.
Greece: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Hungary: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 8 years is required.
Iceland: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 7 years is required.
Ireland: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years out of last 9 years is requred.
Italy: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Latvia: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Lithuania: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Luxembourg: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Malta: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required. Also option for 1 year and 1.15 million €.
Netherlands: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Norway: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 7 years out of last 10 years is required.
Poland: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Portugal: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 6 years is required.
Romania: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Slovakia: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship. Residence of 8 years is required.
Slovenia: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 10 years is required.
Spain: Doesn’t allow dual citizenship, unless for citizens of former colonies of Spain. Residence of 10 years is required, unless for citizens of former colonies of Spain, for who it can be reduced to 2 years.
Sweden: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 5 years is required.
Switzerland: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 12 years is required, for people between age 10 and 20 time counts as double.
United Kingdom: Allows dual citizenship. Residence of 6 years is required.

Many countries who don’t allow dual citizenship will make an exception for EU citizens.

2 Comments on "How to obtain EU citizenship"

  1. Thank you for all of this highly valuable information. Please keep it up. Found you from WSPs.

  2. Thanks, will do.

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